Rose oil as a national symbol of Bulgaria

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Rose oil is part of the Treasury and one of the symbols of Bulgaria. It is prepared from roses by double distillation. The first roses started growing in Persia and then carry on the Balkan Peninsula, according to sources this is the work of the famous Alexander of Macedonia.

Rose oil contains over 300 substances that are very widely used in perfumery. Most cultivated rose oil in Bulgaria Rosa damascene, cultivated in the Rose Valley in Kazanlak.
To create 1 kg of rose oil needs to average 6,000 kg pink. To preserve the unique qualities of rose oil, it is harvested early in the morning at sunrise.

Bulgarian rose oil is known as the best quality in the world and Bulgaria is unsurpassed leader and supplier of 70% of all production. Rose oil is widely acknowledged by world famous perfume giants who used to give the perfumes more durability and specific flavor. The pink gold of Bulgaria serves to export from 1720 onwards, during which time he won numerous international awards for quality, which brought him worldwide recognition, extending all the way to the borders of Asia. Except in the perfume industry, rose oil is also used in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. From him prepare various aromatic creams, soaps, shampoos, other lusioni body, and much more. It is known for its healing properties, some of which are – antiseptic, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, and even has the properties of an aphrodisiac.

Rose oil is highly revered for its unique qualities. In her honor was built Rose Museum in the town of Kazanlak. There are shown the original craft production and storage of rose oil. Reproduced and explained clearly is the whole process of processing and extraction of precious essences, while the aromatic and useful cosmetic and therapeutic products. The museum has preserved and primitive rose, which is active in May and June.

Every year during the first weekend of June, the festival is organized Rose Festival, which is selected by a jury and Queen of Roses. She heads the upcoming ceremony purporting to cultural tradition and hospitality of the Bulgarian people. There is also a fair in the city, punctuated with fireworks and lots of fun. In honor of the festival are recreated and traditional customs of picking. In conjunction with the Fair Rose presented and Thracian cultural heritage. The day ends with a procession, which include all the inhabitants of the town of Kazanlak and surroundings dressed in traditional costumes, creating a unique atmosphere for all visitors, who come to enjoy the festival.

Bulgarian Black Sea Coast

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Bulgarian Black Sea coast extends for a total length of 378 km of which are as much as 70 beach. It is famous for its scenic coastline and clear water around which are numerous welcoming holiday villages and resorts offering comfort. It all adds up to a wonderful experience for all the tourists who come to spend their holiday on the Bulgarian Black Sea coast. Beaches are known as environmentally friendly, with fine golden sand and the water is twice lower salinity than as the Mediterranean. In sea water there are no dangerous animals to worry about spending their vacation, instead you can enjoy the common dolphins in the sea.

Bulgaria has a wonderful and rare combination of sea and mountain, making it even more popular and a popular destination for visitors from home and abroad. Balkan Mountains to the north and south of the Strandja Mountain offer extremely beneficial vacation for those seeking tranquility and relaxation in nature.

Summer Bulgarian Black Sea coast is warm, and winters are mild. Eastern exposure of the coastline is a prerequisite tourists can start with its sunny terrace and sea bathing since morning.
Water sports are very common attraction offered in almost all Bulgarian resorts, specifically for adrenaline seekers and the entertainment of tourists who wish to remember their holiday not only for sunbathing, but with something more unique, unique and memorable. Offered such sports are water skiing, windsurfing, kite surfing, diving, fishing, yachting, and let’s not forget the numerous water parks, which also have the opportunity to experience quite extreme moments.

Cultural heritage of the Bulgarian Black Sea coast has also left its lasting impression on the entire landscape. The lands have been inhabited since ancient times for spiritual and cultural rich nations, so today there are an extremely large number of preserved historic sites and monuments that are magnetic and interesting for all who want to feel and experience the bygone eras and times.

The area around the Bulgarian Black Sea coast is rich in many natural and cultural attractions. These are reserve “Roporamo” and reserve “Kamchiya” offering our vast biodiversity. To see them in more detail, feel free to seek the services of boats or boats with which to ride along the river to relax and just enjoy the scenery. Other places you should visit when vacation at the Bulgarian Black Sea coast are breathtaking Stone Forest near Varna, Aladza monastery Alepu Marsh, natural phenomenon Beglik Tash, the Botanical Garden in Balchik Duranculak Lake, Cape Emine.

Black Sea coast of Bulgaria’s popular and that is the main route for birds migrating from Europe to Africa, called Via Pontic, which favors the observation and recording of a huge variety of birds.

Bulgarian Black Sea coast is a place where each person finds his paradise and necessarily returns to live it again.

Sozopol – Festival City

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If you decide to spend your holiday in Bulgaria and particularly attractive in Sozopol, one thing is certain – there is simply no way to get bored. Marine City is recognized as a cultural and historical center, and numerous summer festivals make the city more attractive to visitors of the city, turning it into the festival capital of Bulgaria. Various cultural events involving talent from Bulgaria and abroad, attracting more visitors every year.

The most remarkable of all the festivals held in the city is for sure – Festival of Arts “Apollonia”. It originated back in 1984 This is really a great event of national character, held in late summer in Sozopol. Its duration is 10 days, which can be seen from different cultural events in nature – exciting outdoor concerts, exhibitions fascinating, exciting theater performances, film screenings and master schools.

International Francophone Festival “Soleil” also has a great interest. The city became a center of the Bulgarian and francophone culture. Viewers will be able to enjoy concerts, interesting exhibitions and many more various events which organizers aim to surprise and attract our attention.

“Joy to the Sea” is an international children and youth festival, which is competitive. It was conducted between June 20 to 23 The scene is manifest talents in music, dance, art, poetry and drama. Another festival is “Sozopol view.” It is organized by the city’s community center and conducted in three disciplines – music, dance and art. Quite attractive and show us the art festival “Harmony and strength,” which is also a competitive nature and shall provide modern, ethnic, classical and folk dance types.

“Muses” is-genres Festival Competition various art forms. The festival contest open to ensembles and soloists from art schools, academies, schools, studios, children and youth centers. Participation in this competition can make children and youth within 5 to 35 years. It takes place every year from 5 to 15 July in the town of Sozopol.

Interest is MONTFIZ Art Festival taking place in nine days, the city is open workshops in acting, stage speech, singing, dancing, photography and literatorska speech.
Sozopol meet rising each year on July 1, under the open sky of the city’s beaches, spectacular musical show where members of the public offer popular Bulgarian and foreign artists. The musical range varies between the different styles for every taste.

The end of summer is traditionally obscured in September with a spectacular open-air rock festival that brings greatly appreciate this genre.

Over the years, a very worthy Sozopol has built the image of the festival center of Bulgaria, whose atmosphere can only be described in words, but must be seen live.

Archaeological Museum in Sozopol

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Interesting and fascinating is the story of Sozopol. In the past this city was so important and powerful that it was called Apolonia Magna (The Great). In the past the whole city was protected by walls and watchtowers to protect it from invaders and conquerors. The city center was decorated and adorned with numerous statues of deities, such as 13-meter statue of Apollo, which was attributed as a trophy by the Roman legions that conquered and burned the city in 72 BC.

The Archaeological Museum of Sozopol is sheltered part of the great history of this ancient city. Museum itself is included in the book with a hundred sites in Bulgaria at number eight. The collection of the museum includes archaeological finds dating from the fifth millennium BC to the 18th century, as well as works of Christian art, evolving during 17-19 century. The museum is also a center for underwater archeology, operating since 1980, revealing our part of buried underwater, but revived history of the city.

Archaeological Museum of Sozopol was founded in 1961 in the information provided by the Holy Synod of the Church Building “St. Cyril and Methodius”. The museum is a major cultural institution in the municipality. Findings presented at the museum are remarkable, unique materials from ancient times to the ancient and medieval periods, giving us information about the life and development of the local population of 5 mil. until the 17th century. You can see the interesting artifacts of stone houses, primitive tools and pottery that you could not see preserved and stored in any other museum in Bulgaria. The museum offers its visitors a vast collection of Greek vases, amphorae preserved over 120 painted in style with red and black, coins, statues, and the richest in the world collection of anchors. Cemeteries were located outside the walls of the city and in the nearby hills there are numerous mounds, which are found priceless artifacts transferred to the museum.

Apart from the Archaeological Museum in Sozopol, Part Finds in Apollonia can be found in the Museum of Natsionalnoistoricheskiya Bulgaria and even the Louvre. Many exhibits can be seen from the time possession was Sozopol and Bulgaria, which are mostly coins.

Each year in the territory of Sozopol are found various artifacts from ancient and medieval Apollonia, which are exhibited in the museum for visitors can admire them and feel the magnetism of another era.
Archaeological Museum in Sozopol is an obligatory destination for all lovers of history, wanting to feel the spirit of the past and explore and enjoy the preserved artifacts. Numerous unique collection of the museum can not disappoint those who want a taste of the history of the old town.

Ropotamo

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Near the magnetic Sozopol is Ropotamo Reserve, which is a must for nature lovers. It stretches over an area of ​​5,000 hectares. The reserve is noted for its rare combination of sea, river and swamp together in such a small area. Ropotamo is renowned for its stunning scenery, interesting rock formations, beautiful beaches and sand dunes.

For the first time in 1940. woodland around Ropotamo are declared protected, and in 1992. protected area expands and creates the preserve. The reserve provides habitat for a great variety of species, so do not forget your cameras. Marshy areas and rich feeding grounds are great opportunities for nesting birds of 226 species. Sand dunes and rocky areas are place that can meet many types of reptiles such as Hermann’s tortoise. The reserve found a home over 50 species of mammals, including deer, wild cats, foxes, deer, jackals, otters and colonies of bats in caves. In Ropotamo live and over 14 species of fish. In addition to a rich diversity of wildlife, the reserve offers over 600 species of plants. Wooded areas along the river banks are mostly deciduous, can be seen ash, maple, elm, hornbeam, oak, beech, willow, ivy, Thracian tulip, spring snowflake. Within the Ropotamo Arkoutino which grow beautiful white water lilies and water beautiful yellow roses. Marsh is a valuable reserve as deposits of white water lilies are wild, untouched by human hand.

The reserve can be seen and interesting rock formations “Lion head” and “Happy Rock”. A curious part of the reserve is the island of St. Thomas, or called Snake Island. It is attractive to feral opuntsii cacti, which were planted on the island in the 30s of last century.

To preserve the natural resources of the reserve is prohibited any human activity, an exception is made for his security and visits for scientific purposes. Arrivals were allowed only water and pre-marked hiking trails. Visitors are able to enjoy the lovely, virginal prorida by boat from the dock to the mouth Ropotamo her walk lasts approximately one hour, during which the herons fly over the tourists, but the mouth of the river you can see water turtles. The boat passes and curious rock formations around the “Lion head” and “Happy Rock”. Besides water route along the river are separated and hiking – Trail bridge over the swamp Arkutino path to the Gulf of St. Paraskeva, path to the highest dune in the Balkans.

Fascinating Sozopol

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International tourism is the main occupation of the local population of the town of Sozopol, whose old town was declared a city-museum. The city offers a great opportunity for eco-tourism, underwater fishing, cultural tourism has a large tourist base, offering comfort, luxury and entertainment of visitors. The seaside town you can even have fun on the golf course and enjoy unforgettable moments in the park, and will undoubtedly be attracted by the beautiful beaches magnetic – Paradise Beach, King’s Beach, Kavatsite sand beach.

There are numerous attractions that everyone is made to that dream, fascinating and memorable holiday destination to visit. One of them is the mystical ancient necropolis in which are found many priceless objects preserved from ancient painted pottery, jewelry and other important archaeological finds. Have been preserved to the present day, and parts of defensive walls and towers of the city, built in 511, and used as a defensive tool against invasions of barbarian tribes. In places the walls reach up to 3-4 meters. Walking along the narrow cobblestone streets and the sight of beautiful houses in town delivers indispensable feast for the eyes.

Be sure to visit the monastery complex on the island of “Saint John”. This island has been declared a natural and archeological reserve. It is located about a kilometer from the city. It was on this island is a temple of Apollo, which was destroyed by the Roman legions. In its place was later built “St. Mary “. After it is built monastery “St. John,” who later centuries was destroyed by the pirate fleet. Preserved ruins of this historic site can be seen today.

Of the old town of Sozopol have found traces of the existence of the 28 medieval churches. Many of them were destroyed during the Ottoman rule, but some of them have been restored by the local population, and at the other chapels were built. Some of the most visited by tourists churches – “Virgin Mary”, built in the 15th century, which is under protection of UNESCO. The largest church in Sozopol is “St. George” in the center of Old Town. Other churches, gathering attention and the attention of visitors to the seaside town are “St. Zosim” and “St. St. Cyril and Methodius “.

The museum complex “Southern Wall and Tower” is also binding site for tourists. It consists of grain, south wall and an ancient well. Here you can see out of the barracks guards guarded the city wall. Sozopol has ethnographic exhibition, art gallery and library. You should not miss to visit the Archaeological Museum of Sozopol, outlining the unique ancient artifacts dating from the 5th century BC. until the 17th century.

Being extremely beautiful and inspiring natural attractions can visit estuary “Ropotamo” – it is navigable and you can ride on a boat and the area around it was declared a natural park. Other recreation areas are marshy lake “Arkutino” rock formation “Lion head” sea bays “Alepu” and “Kavatsite.”

Sozopol – A millennial cultural tradition

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Sozopol is known as the oldest city on the Bulgarian Black Sea coast, having a six-thousand-year cultural history. The city is part of a hundred sites in Bulgaria. Underwater surveys and excavations of archaeologists suggest the existence of more ancient settlements in the Neolithic. Inhabitants were fishermen, farmers, cattlemen.
The first major settlers of Sozopol Thracian tribe skirmiani (II-I century BC.), They were known as sailors and miners. Traded with friends and even distant lands.

In the VII century. etc. Hr.e this place is set up as a Hellenic colony of Apollonia (in honor of the god Apollo) composed of immigrants from the Greek cities of Miletus and Fokea that develops as a huge cultural and commercial brokerage Greek-Thracian center, thanks to the city flourished and grew into an independent city-state, called Apollonia-Pontica. The city even began minting coins whose face is the emblem of the modern municipality – the anchor. She built a wall around the city to be able to defend itself from enemies. According to ancient sources, the city’s population at that time numbered 30 thousand inhabitants. The city is landscaped and provided with water through pipes. It was found that the street system in ancient and medieval times almost coincides with today.

In 72 BC. Roman legions down the wall, burned the town and destroyed the city’s elevated temple of Apollo. 13 foot statue sculpted in honor of Apollo is referred by the Romans as a trophy, and was later demolished. The town was rebuilt and acquired its former significance only in the IV century.

In 330 Apollo changed his name and was named Sozopol (town of Salvation). This is associated with the proclamation of Christianity as the only religion in the Roman Empire, in whose possession the city. With the fall of the Roman Empire in the Middle Ages Sozopol remains in possession of Byzantium. Was built around the city wall and towers to protect it from the frequent barbaric attack by the North. Fragments of these walls can still be seen preserved.

After Sozopol under Ottoman rule in 1453, the city gradually declined into a poor fishing village and wine. Recovered in the years before and after the liberation, and as the sole livelihood of the population remains fishing. Sozopol managed to sustain and preserve a large part of the atmosphere, acquired over the centuries to reveal its vast history of growth and fall with its archaeological evidence.
Today’s Sozopol is a modern tourist village, which with its attractive landscapes and monuments, attracts thousands of tourists every year.

Sozopol – the Eternal City

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Characterization and brief history

Sozopol is beautifully preserved, ancient and picturesque part of the history of Bulgaria, located on a rocky peninsula in the southern part of the Bourgas Bay. Located only 35 kilometers from the bustling town of Burgas. Sozopol is one of the oldest Bulgarian towns, and the earliest settlement in the area dates back to around the 6th century BC. The first settlers of the town were the Thracian tribe skirmiadi. Archaeological research indicates active shipping since ancient times, it has found pottery and tools, used since the Bronze Age.

With the first name is called Anthea city, and later – Apollonia Pontica name given by the Byzantine Empire, the city was named after the god Apollo (son of Zeus. Apollo is considered the god of music, dance, poetry and prophecy . He is the leader of the Muses). Already in Late Antiquity the name was changed to Sozopolis, meaning “city of salvation, deliverance, or survival.” The city’s name was changed once during the Ottoman yoke of Sizeboli. After the liberation of Bulgaria, it receives its current name Sozopol.

In ancient times the city developed as an important transit center for trade and shipping in Hellas, as it shows the emblem of the city and that is the anchor. The city is fishing and wine center. Because of this, it becomes znchitelni resources, and also began to grow and is distinguished as the most important cultural center of the whole coast at that time. Today Sozopol is divided at the same time untouched by time, old and new part among them is amazing Marine Park.

The exquisite natural beauty of the city and its surroundings offer perfect conditions for the development of all types of recreation. The municipality has put a lot of resources to develop the potential of the city as a combination of a unique heritage and natural landscape and elegant waterfront and tourist infrastructure, small islands and majestic dunes make Sozopol attractive tourist destination for many tourists from around the world and Bulgaria.

The terrain in the area is hilly lowland facilitating transport network with an average height reaches 400 meters climate is Mediterranean, which is a prerequisite for the lovely summer weather with high temperatures, but windy and cold winters. Ideal for the tourist season months are from April to September, while those with the highest sunshine are July and August. The bottom of the beaches along the coastline is relatively shallow and it is quiet, the combination of which makes them very hospitable to many tourists.
The mix of historic architecture, comfort and luxury make a unique atmosphere for all, decided to visit the majestic Sozopol.