Sozopol – A millennial cultural tradition


Sozopol is known as the oldest city on the Bulgarian Black Sea coast, having a six-thousand-year cultural history. The city is part of a hundred sites in Bulgaria. Underwater surveys and excavations of archaeologists suggest the existence of more ancient settlements in the Neolithic. Inhabitants were fishermen, farmers, cattlemen.
The first major settlers of Sozopol Thracian tribe skirmiani (II-I century BC.), They were known as sailors and miners. Traded with friends and even distant lands.

In the VII century. etc. Hr.e this place is set up as a Hellenic colony of Apollonia (in honor of the god Apollo) composed of immigrants from the Greek cities of Miletus and Fokea that develops as a huge cultural and commercial brokerage Greek-Thracian center, thanks to the city flourished and grew into an independent city-state, called Apollonia-Pontica. The city even began minting coins whose face is the emblem of the modern municipality – the anchor. She built a wall around the city to be able to defend itself from enemies. According to ancient sources, the city’s population at that time numbered 30 thousand inhabitants. The city is landscaped and provided with water through pipes. It was found that the street system in ancient and medieval times almost coincides with today.

In 72 BC. Roman legions down the wall, burned the town and destroyed the city’s elevated temple of Apollo. 13 foot statue sculpted in honor of Apollo is referred by the Romans as a trophy, and was later demolished. The town was rebuilt and acquired its former significance only in the IV century.

In 330 Apollo changed his name and was named Sozopol (town of Salvation). This is associated with the proclamation of Christianity as the only religion in the Roman Empire, in whose possession the city. With the fall of the Roman Empire in the Middle Ages Sozopol remains in possession of Byzantium. Was built around the city wall and towers to protect it from the frequent barbaric attack by the North. Fragments of these walls can still be seen preserved.

After Sozopol under Ottoman rule in 1453, the city gradually declined into a poor fishing village and wine. Recovered in the years before and after the liberation, and as the sole livelihood of the population remains fishing. Sozopol managed to sustain and preserve a large part of the atmosphere, acquired over the centuries to reveal its vast history of growth and fall with its archaeological evidence.
Today’s Sozopol is a modern tourist village, which with its attractive landscapes and monuments, attracts thousands of tourists every year.

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